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Ayatollah Khamenei’s Hajj 2017 message

Question 601: We would appreciate you sending us the new message of Supreme leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Khamenei (ha) issued on the occasion of the Muslim Hajj pilgrimage season? I.e. Ayatollah Khamenei’s Hajj 2017 message.

Answer 601: The Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Khamenei (ha) issues a message on the occasion of the Muslim Hajj pilgrimage season as follows.

His Excellency demanded an end to the catastrophic incidents in Islamic countries and stressed: the most important duty of Muslims is to save Palestine.

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, and peace and greetings be upon our Master Muhammad – the Final Prophet – upon his immaculate household and upon his chosen companions.

I thank God Almighty for bestowing, this year as well as previous years, the blessing of performing hajj on an abundant number of believers from throughout the world so that they can benefit from this refreshing and blessed spring and so that they can be in the vicinity of God Almighty’s House engaging in worship, supplication, dhikr (remembering God) and taqarub (seeking closeness to God) on days and nights whose precious and auspicious hours can touch hearts and purify and ornament souls like a miraculous medicine.

Hajj is a mystifying act of worship, a holy dwelling, a position full of divine blessings and an embodiment of Allah the Exalted’s signs and symbols. Hajj can help pious, humble and wise servants of God achieve spiritual positions. It can make them become lofty and enlightened individuals. It can make them become insightful and courageous elements who are prepared to take action and engage in jihad (endeavor for the sake of God). Both spiritual, and political, individual and social aspects are completely outstanding and visible in this unique obligation and today the Muslim community is in dire need of both of these aspects.

On the one hand, the magic of materialism is busy beguiling and annihilating by using advanced instruments and on the other hand, the policies of the system of domination are instigating sedition and fueling the fire of discord among Muslims and turning Islamic countries into a hell of insecurity and disagreement.

Hajj can be a cure for both of these grave maladies that the Islamic Ummah is suffering from. It can purge hearts of impurities and enlighten them with the light of piety and understanding, it can open eyes to the bitter realities of the world of Islam, it can strengthen one’s determination in order to confront those realities, it can make one’s steps firm and it can prepare hands and minds.

Today, the world of Islam is suffering from insecurity: moral, spiritual and political insecurity. The main factor behind this is our negligence and the brutal invasion of the enemies. We Muslims have not carried out our religious and our rational duties in the face of the invasion of the vicious enemy. We forgot to be both “Strong against unbelievers” and “Compassionate among one another” [The Holy Quran, 48: 29].

The result of this is that the Zionist enemy is provoking sedition in the heart of the world of Islam’s geography while by ignoring the definite duty of saving Palestine, we Muslims are busy with domestic wars in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Libya and Bahrain and with confronting terrorism in Afghanistan, Pakistan and the like.

The heads of Islamic countries and political, religious and cultural personalities in the world of Islam have heavy responsibilities on their shoulders: the responsibility of creating unity and preventing everyone from tribal and denominational conflicts, the responsibility of informing nations of the enemy’s methods and the treachery of arrogance and Zionism, the responsibility of equipping everyone for the purpose of confronting the enemy in the various arenas of hard and soft wars, the responsibility of urgently preventing catastrophic incidents in Islamic countries – the bitter example of this today being the affairs in Yemen which are a source of sorrow and protest- the responsibility of offering determined support for the oppressed Muslim minorities such as in Myanmar and other such minorities, and most importantly the responsibility of defending Palestine and offering unconditional cooperation and assistance to a people who have been fighting for their usurped country for nearly 70 years.

These are important responsibilities which fall on our shoulders. Nations should demand these from their governments and outstanding personalities should try to achieve them with firm determination and pure intentions. These tasks are the complete embodiment of helping God’s religion which will definitely be followed by divine assistance on the basis of God’s promise.

These are the lessons of Hajj and I hope that we can understand and act on them.

I ask God to accept your hajj. I would like to commemorate the martyrs of Mina and Masjid al-Haram and I ask God the Beneficent and the Generous to raise their positions.[1]

Greetings be upon you and Allah’s mercy

Sayyid Ali Khamenei

Shahrivar 7, 1396 (August 29, 2017)

Dhul-Hijja 7, 1438.

For further information, please read:

Index: The First Message of Iran Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei, answer 570.

Index: The Second Message of Iran Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei, answer 571.

Related Link: The message of Imam Khamenei to world Muslims on 2017 Hajj pilgrimage in different languages.

[1] . Refer to: Khamenei.ir.

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Fasting on Arafat Day / Mustahab Fast

Question 455: Salam alaikom. Is it compulsory to fast on the day of Arafah? Can you please tell us those days on which we have been strongly recommended to fast?

Answer 455: There are no restrictions limiting the times of fasting to a particular day, unless it is considered as haram on the day of Eid ul-Fitr and Qurban. It is recommended to fast on the Day of Arafa. But, if it is not possible for one to recite the Duas of ‘Arafa due to weakness caused by fasting, it is considered as Makruh to fast on that day. [1]

In this regards, Imam Sadiq (as) says: Fasting on the Day of Arafat is regarded as Kaffarah of sins committed during two years.[2]

According to Sayyid Siatani (ha), fasting is Mustahab on every day of a year except those on which it is haraam or Makruh to observe a fast. Some of them which have been strongly recommended, are mentioned here:

The first and last Thursday of every month and the first Wednesday after the 10th of a month. If a person does not observe these fasts it is Mustahab that he gives their qadha. And if he is incapable of fasting, it is Mustahab for him to give one mudd of food or prescribed coined silver to poor. 13th, 14th and 15th day of every month. On all days of Rajab and Shaban or on as many days as it is possible to fast, even though it may be one day only. The day of Eid Nawroz. From the 4th up to the 9th of the month of Shawwal. The 25th and 29th day of the month of Zi qa’da. From the 1st day to the 9th day (i.e. ‘Arafa day) of the month of Zil hajj. But if, it is not possible for one to recite the Duas of ‘Arafa due to weakness caused by fasting, it is Makrooh to fast on that day. The auspicious day of Ghadir (18th Zil hajj). The auspicious day of Mubahila (24th Zil hajj). The 1st, 3rd and 7th day of Muharram. The birthday of the Holy Prophet (17th Rabi’ul awwal). 15th day of Jumadi’ul oola.

Fasting is also recommended on 27th of Rajab – the day the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) declared his Prophethood. If a person observes a Mustahab fast, it is not obligatory on him to complete it. In fact, if one of his brethren-in-faith invites him to a meal, it is Mustahab that he accepts the invitation and breaks the fast during the day time even if it may be after Zuhr.[3]

For further information in this regards, please refer to the following answers:

Index: The Virtues of the Day of Arafat, answer 155.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/510247479126564/permalink/568393083312003/

Index:  Fasting in the holy month of Dhilhijjah and Muharram, answer 137.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/AskShia/permalink/571098903041421/?hc_location=ufi

https://www.facebook.com/groups/510247479126564/permalink/569401499877828/)

Related Link: Facebook

[1] . The official website of the office of Sayyid Sistani, rules concerning Fasting, issue #1757.

[2] . Man La Yahdhuruhul Faqih, Vol. 2, Pg. 87.

[3] . The official website of the office of Sayyid Sistani, Fasting.

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The Virtues of the Day of Arafat / Fast on this Day

Question 155: What are the virtues of the day of Arafat? Is it haram to fast on this Day?

Answer 155: There are numerous virtues claimed for the 9th of Dhu ’l-Hijjah which is known as yawm al-‘Arafah. This is the day where the pilgrims assemble on the plain of ‘Arafah to complete one of the essential rituals of the Hajj.

There are also many prayers in Shia literature, including performing Ghusl and the famous supplication known as “Du’a ‘Arafah” ascribed to Imam Husayn ibn Ali (AS), that are to be recited on this day as well as fasting, forgiveness of the sins (it is expected that Allah will expiate the sins committed the previous year) and etc. that are some of the Importance and the Virtues of the Day of Arafa.[1]

Arabic version:

عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ: رَأَيْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ جُنْدَبٍ فِي الْمَوْقِفِ فَلَمْ أَرَ مَوْقِفاً كَانَ أَحْسَنَ مِنْ مَوْقِفِهِ مَا زَالَ مَادّاً يَدَيْهِ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَ دُمُوعُهُ تَسِيلُ عَلَى خَدَّيْهِ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ الْأَرْضَ. فَلَمَّا صَدَرَ النَّاسُ قُلْتُ لَهُ: يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ مَا رَأَيْتُ مَوْقِفاً قَطُّ أَحْسَنَ مِنْ مَوْقِفِكَ! قَالَ: وَ اللَّهِ مَا دَعَوْتُ إِلَّا لِإِخْوَانِي وَ ذَلِكَ أَنَّ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (ع) أَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ مَنْ دَعَا لِأَخِيهِ بِظَهْرِ الْغَيْبِ نُودِيَ مِنَ الْعَرْشِ وَ لَكَ مِائَةُ أَلْفِ ضِعْفٍ، فَكَرِهْتُ أَنْ أَدَعَ مِائَةَ أَلْفٍ مَضْمُونَةٍ لِوَاحِدَةٍ لا أَدْرِي تُسْتَجَابُ أَمْ لا.

According to Imam Ali (AS), Arafat is the Place where it is out of Haram of Allah. Muhrim (after wearing the ihram) needs to go out of Mecca, out of the Haram and then come back later on after a few obligations and supplicate to Allah in order to be deserving inter to the Haram of Allah. The reason one is supposed to do so is that a person who comes from his polluted tedious life into such a Holy place, he is not prepared for it and for this reason he is sent to such plains and valleys so that he can be trained and made capable of going to the Kaaba.[2]

Therefore, in the Holy Quran Allah (SWT) says: “And when We made the House a place Of assembly for mankind and a place Of safety, We stated:” Take you] People [the Station of Ibrahim as a Place for prayer.” And We Commanded Ibrahim and Ismail:” You should Sanctify My House for those who Compass it round, or use it as a place For Divine retreat, or bow or Prostrate [in prayer].””[3]

One’s condition is recognized when one visits the House of Allah, and the style of circumambulating shows how engrossed the person was in his daily mundane earlier. This is why he is sent to Arafah where he spends half a day then a whole night in Muzdalifah, following 3 days in Mina and then he returns back to the Haram of God. Imam says that Allah has kept His Wisdom behind this sequence. He wants a person to leave the old routine and be prepared to that extent that he can step into the next phase.

Imam Ali (as) says, it is the day to recognize yourself and your Creator. The famous saying which goes, “Whoever recognizes himself, recognizes his Creator” (man ‘arafa nafsahu faqad ‘arafa Rabbahu) is narrated for this Day.[4]

The Day of Arafah is the “Day of Acceptance and Confession”. This confession is of many things which can lead us to our sublime goal, confession of us being servants of God, confession of Allah being the Supreme Lord, confession of our sins, defects, ignorance, immoralities, mistakes, failure, and confession of Allah’s Mercy, Benevolence, and Forgiveness.[5]

Note: It is Makrooh to fast on ‘Ashura (10th of Muharram). It is also Makrooh to fast on the day about which one is not sure whether it is the day of ‘Arafa or Eid-ul-Azha. But, it is haraam to fast on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha.[6]

For further information in this regards, please refer to the following answer:

Index: Fasting on Arafat Day / Mustahab Fast, answer 455.

Related Link: Facebook

[1] . Kuleini, Al-Kafi, Vol. 2, Pg. 508.

[2] . Kuleini, Al-Kafi, Vol. 4, Pg. 224.

[3] . Surah Al-Bagharah, verse 125.

[4] . Mafatihul Jinan, Dua Kumail.

[5] . For further information in this regards, please refer to Mafatih al-Jinan.

[6] . The official website of the office of Sayyid Sistani (ha), rules concerning “Fasting » Haraam and Makrooh fasts”.

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Sheltering in shade while you tied Ihram for Umrah

Question 385: Aslammuelakum, shaikh (Allah bless you Ameen) I have a question regarding Umrah, If Someone is traveling to Makkah for doing Umrah, If it is Day time, So is it necessary to travel on a roofless conveyance( car or bus). There should not be any shade on the car or bus while traveling in day time? What is the ruling on Sheltering in shade? Jazakllah khayr.

Answer 385: One of the certain things that is forbidden during the period a person has tied Ihram is as follows:

Men (are not allowed) to keep their head under shade, but not women. It is permissible for women to put their head under shade in whatever way. The same is also permissible for children. There is no difference in the shade whether the person is in a litter (Mahmil) giving shade, or is riding a vehicle, a train, a plane, a ship or the like with a roof giving the shade.

It is more cautious not to receive shade from what is not above his head as walking beside a litter or sitting near the wall of a ship or utilize their shade, though the rule of its permissibility is not devoid of force.

Prohibition of seeking shelter is exclusively meant for while one is walking or is on a journey, regardless whether he is riding or not. But, if he has alighted somewhere like Mina, ‘Arafat, etc, it would be permissible to go under a shade of a roof or a tent, or take an umbrella while walking. So, for a person who is in Mina, it is permissible to go to the Madhbah (slaughtering place) or the place for throwing pebbles (on the three Satans), though it is cautious to give it up.

It is contrary to caution for a person having tied Ihram to travel in a litter etc having a roof while on a journey during night, though the rule for its permissibility is not devoid of force, so it is permissible for a person having tied Ihram to travel by a plane flying during night.

If a person, while walking, needs shade against cold, heat, rain or the like, it shall be permissible, but he shall be liable to expiate.

By using movable objects, such as umbrella, the roof of a coach or an aero plane. This is not allowed for a man in a state of ihram, if the shade is above the head. However, it is allowed to remain under the shade of a moving cloud, or if the shade falls only on one side of his body. That is, pedestrians can walk beside a car producing a shade on one side or the like. As a matter of ihtiyat, passengers must avoid shade unless the shade from objects producing it from both sides is so short that it does not cover the head and chest of the pilgrim.

By being under fixed objects like the shade of walls, tunnels, trees, mountains, etc. It is allowed for a pilgrim in a state of ihram, whether riding or on foot, to be under such shades. There is no objection to protecting oneself from the sun with one’s bare hands. However, as a matter of ihtiyat, it is better to avoid doing so.

Note:  According to the more cautious opinion, the expiation for seeking shade is sacrificing a sheep, even if it were due to some excuse. According to the stronger opinion, sacrificing a sheep would be sufficient during Ihram for ‘Umrah and a sheep during Ihram for Hajj, even if he has repeated seeking shade during ‘Umrah and Hajj.[1]

[1] . Tahrir al-Wasilah of Imam Khomeini (ra), Vol. 1, chapter Hajj, Pg. 464-467 (Things Forbidden During Ihram & Conditions for Tying Ihram); The Official Website of the Office of Sayyid Sistani (ha), Rules of Hajj (Addendum) » Shading for Men.