Death of Asiya Bint Muzahim / Pharaoh ordered her be nailed to the floor

Question 528: Has Pharaoh stitched nails on fingers of his wife Hazrat Asiya Bint Muzahim and has he ordered to remove her skin before her death.

Answer 528:  When Asiya, Pharaoh’s wife, witnessed Moses’ miracle in front of the sorcerers, her heart was lit with the light of Iman (belief in the One God). She started to believe in Moses. She was trying to hide her faith from Pharaoh but faith and love of God is not something to be concealed. When Pharaoh learned about her faith, he forbade her times and again from believing in Moses; he pressured on her to give up his religion and abandon his God but she never surrendered herself to Pharaoh’s demand.

Finally, Pharaoh ordered his men to tie her up under the scorching sun and put a heavy stone on her chest and let her die there. Pharaoh ordered Asiya Bint Muzahim to be nailed to the floor. He put nails through her body to affix her to the floor under the scorching sun.

Again, the Pharaoh has ordered his courtiers to remove the skin of the queen. Due to the kind help of Allah, she still hasn’t died upon removing of the skin from her body, but they’re full of blood on her body. Still the Pharaoh was not satisfied by his severe punishment in this matter, so he ordered his courtier to put a heavy stone on her chest and let her die there.

When she was breathing the last moments of her life, she prayed to God as such: “O my Lord! Build for me, in nearness to Thee, a mansion in the Garden, and save me from Pharaoh and his doings, and save me from those that do wrong.”[1] God, the Exalted, accepted the prayer of this faithful, chaste and devoted woman and put her beside some of the best women of the world like Maryam.[2]

Lady Asiya’s grave is in Egypt.[3] As for the age at which she died, there is no precise information available. We referred to historical sources to find information in this regard but to no avail[4].

For further information in this regards, please refer to the following answer:

Index: Four Women Chosen as the Best above the Women of the World, answer 542.

Index: Good women are for good men / Types of Family in Quran, answer 512.

[1] – Tahrim: verse 11.

[2] – Behar al-Anwar, Vol.13, pg.164 and 165; Al-Kamil fi al-Tarikh, vol.1, Pg. 183 – 185.

[3] – Yaqut Hamvi, Shahabuddin Abu Abdullah Yaqut bin Abdullah, Mu’jam al-Buldan, Vol.5, Pg.142.

[4] – Adopted from answer 14785 (Index: Deaths of Asiya and Maryam and Their Burial Places).


Four of the Prophets are Alive / two are in the Heavens and tow are in Land

Question 277: Assalamu alayka ya dear brothers and sisters wa rahmatullahi wa barakatoh. Can someone briefly relate me what states have Hazrat Idris (a.s.), Hazrat Khidr (a.s.), Hazrat Iliya (a.s.) reach, if there are differences between each of theirs states, how they reach these states, and what is their present and future relation with our 12th Imam (mAhhr) ?

I ask this because, I heard that there are five persons that literaly elevated to heaven before death and taken to unknown celestial realm and continue to live there, each one of them are in different state, until the reapparenc oh the Mahdi (mAhhr).

May Allah reward you.

Answer 277: Four of the prophets are alive two of whom are in the heavens: Jesus and Edris, and two of them are in the land: Khidr and Elias, Ilyas (Elias). As for Khidr, he is in the sea but his companion is in the land.”[1]

Prophet Jesus: In the Holy Quran Allah (SWT) says about the Prophet Jesus (as) as follows: “and for their saying,” We killed the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, the apostle of Allah” though they did not kill him nor did they crucify him, but so it was made to appear to them. Indeed those who differ concerning him are surely in doubt about him: they do not have any knowledge of that beyond following conjectures, and certainly they did not kill him”.[2]

In other verse of the holy Quran Allah, the Almighty says: “When Allah said,” O Jesus, I shall take you] r soul [, and I shall raise you up toward Myself[3]”.

According to the previous verses of the holy Quran, we can come to the conclusion that the Prophet Jesus (as) is still alive. He is in the Heaven, though, considering the meaning of the word ‘Mutawaffika‘’ mentioned in the verse, the Prophet’s soul had been taken and He brought back to Allah, according to some interpreters of the holy Quran. [4]

Prophet Ilyas: It is said that Prophet Ilyas (Elias) is in the Heaven, too. He had been inviting people of the Baalbek to the Prophet Musa’s Shariah Law for 22 years. Some say that Prophet Ilyas is Prophet Idris (Enoch). They say: He was one of the Harun’s children and the Prophet Khidr’s brother.[5]

Prophet Khidr: Khidr is one of the four prophets recognizes as being alive. It is said that He drank from the water of life and is alive forever. He is at the Sa’sa’ah and Sahlah Mosques. Sayyid ibn Tawus narrated that when Imam Ali (as) martyred Prophet Khidr participated in the funeral. He went to Imam Hasan and Hussain (pbuth) condoled them and showed them the place of the Prophet Noah’s (as) grave.[6]

Some hadiths and verses of the Quran imply that he was a prophet and messenger of Allah (swt) to his tribe and people, to invite them to tawhid (the oneness of God) and accepting Allah’s (swt) prophets and the divine books. His miracle was that whenever desired, he could revive any dead and dry branch or dry and barren land, making it green again, thus being given the title “Khidhr”. His real name is Talya ibn Malekan ibn Aber ibn Arafkhshad (ارفخشد) ibn Sam ibn Nuh.

As for the prolonged life of this prophet, we would like to draw your attention to a hadith from Imam Sadiq (as): “… As for the servant of Allah (swt) Khidr, Allah (swt) extended his life, but not because of his prophetic mission, nor in order to reveal a book onto him, nor to nullify through him, the religion of the past prophets, nor for him to become leader to a nation following him, nor for the obedience that Allah (swt) had made obligatory upon him, but He (Allah (swt)) extended his life because He chosen to lengthen the occultation of the Qa’im (Imam Mahdi (as)) and knew that some of the people would begin doubting about him as a result, so He lengthened the life of this good servant of His in order for it to be reason for accepting the long life of the Qa’im and so that his life would be compared with the imam’s, rejecting the objection and criticism of the enemies and the bad-minded.[7]

He is, without a doubt, still alive and is currently more than six thousand years old.[8]

Prophet Idris: According to the following verse of the Holy Quran in which Allah (SWT) says about the Prophet Idris, He is still alive. “And mention in the Book Idris. Indeed he was a truthful one, a prophet”.[9]

The two Prophets who are in the Heaven, Prophet Idris and Jesus. And the two are still alive and are in the land, Prophet Khidr and Ilyas.

Prophet Idris’ name mentioned twice in the Quran, he has revered and celebrated as truthful, prophet, patient, righteous etc. Prophet Idris is among the grandsons of Prophet Seth reaching Adam (a.s.) through five intermediaries. One of his grandfathers is Prophet Noah (a.s.). Most historians have said that he lived 365 years before his ascension, or his death according to another report. Based on narrations, four of the prophets are still alive two of whom i.e. Prophet Khizr and Prophet Ilyas (Elias), peace be upon them, are living on earth and the two others i.e. Prophet Idris and Prophet Jesus, peace be upon them are in the heavens.

Allamah Tabatabai (RA) interpreting the verse 65 of Surah al-Kahf (Then they found one from among Our servants whom We had granted mercy from Us and whom We had taught knowledge from Ourselves[10]) appertained to Prophet Moses (AS) and Prophet Khidr (AS) quotes narrations from a number of Sunni and Shia sources about some prophets being alive.

Among the narrations he has quoted is a tradition from Jalaluddin in his Al-Durr al-Manthur which is narrated from Shahin from Khasif that says:[11]

«أربعة من الأنبیاء أحیاء اثنان فی السماء: عیسى و إدریس، و اثنان فی الأرض الخضر و إلیاس- فأما الخضر فإنه فی البحر و أما صاحبه فإنه فی البر»

It is noteworthy that this narration is also available in Shia sources but it is narrated from Sunni sources.[12]

Those Prophets and Imams (pbuth) who will return and accompany Imam Mahdi’s (ajtf) reappearance: The Holy Prophet (pbuh) says: “When the Twelfth Imam (aj) appears and leadership is passed on to him, at that time, the Prophet (pbuh) and Amir al-Muminin (as) shall appear. Amir al-Muminin will carry with him a cane and a branding iron.[13]

Upon the cane there is a figure which reads ‘bismillah’ (in the name of Allah), which he will use to mark the foreheads of those who are believers. The figure upon the branding iron reads ‘bismilkafir’ (in the name of disbelievers), which he will use to brand the foreheads of the disbelievers. This way, believers and disbelievers will once again be distinguished. At that time, all of the Imams (as) shall return to assist Amir al-Muminin (as) and Imam Mahdi (aj). Prophets who endures much hardship and strife in the way of Allah, such as Zakariyyah (Zachary), Yahya (John), Hizqil (Ezekiel), and other Prophets which were injured or killed at the hands of the disbelievers shall also return to this world. Verily, news has been given to me of their reappearance to bring about swift retribution to their killers and oppressors as well as seek justice from those who spilt the blood of Hussain (as).”[14]

Narrations pertaining to the reappearance of the Twelfth Imam (aj) state that Prophet Isa (Jesus) (as) shall be once again sent to this world at the permission of Allah. He shall appear before everyone as one of the companions of Imam Mahdi (aj) and shall stand in prayer behind the Imam. It is narrated that the Holy Prophet said: “I swear by that which has instated me as a bearer of the truth, if there remains but one day to this world, Allah shall prolong that day until my son Mahdi (aj) reappears. After his reappearance, Prophet Isa (Jesus) Ruhollah (as) will descend to this world and will stand in prayer behind the Imam. It is then that Allah shall light up the world with His Light, and the government of Imam Mahdi shall encompass everywhere from east to west.”

Imam Sadiq (as) says: The first Imam to return is Imam Hussein (as), after which he will govern [the Islamic nation] for a lengthy period of time. He will govern for so many years that his eyebrows will cover his eyes as a result of old age.[15]

[1] . Tabatabai, Sayyid Muhammad Hussein, Al-Mizan fi Tafsir al-Qur’an, vol.13, p. 353, Islamic Publications Office, Qom, fifth edition, 1417.

[2] . Surah al-Nisa, verse 157.

[3] . Surah Ale Emran, verse 55.

[4] . Tafsir Nemooneh, Vol. 2, Pg. 431.

[5] . Emad Zadeh Esfahani, Qasas Qurani, Pg. 680.

[6] . Ibid.

[7] . Kamaluddin, vol. 3, pg. 357; Biharul-Anwar, vol. 51, pg. 222.

[8] . Yawmul-Khalas, pg. 157.

[9] . Surah Maryam, verse 56.

[10] . Surah Kahf, verse 65. «فَوَجَدا عَبْداً مِنْ عِبادِنا آتَیناهُ رَحْمَةً مِنْ عِنْدِنا وَ عَلَّمْناهُ مِنْ لَدُنَّا عِلْماً»

[11] . Suyuti, Jalaluddin, al-Durr al-Manthur fi Tafsir al-Ma’thur, vol.4, p. 239, Ayatollah Mar’ashi Najafi Library, Qom, 1404 A.H.

[12] . Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir, Behar al-Anwar, vol13, p. 402, Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, Beirut, second dition, 1403 A.H; Ibn Tavus, Ali bin Musa, Sa’ad al-Saud Lil-Nofus Mandhud, p. 163 – 164, Dar al-Dhakhaer, Qom, first edition (date missing).

[13] . In Arabic: میسم.

[14] . Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir, Biharul-Anwar, translation of 13th volume by Davani, pg.1165.

[15] . Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir, Biharul-Anwar, vol. 53, pg.46.


Four Women Chosen as the Best above the Women of the World

Question 542: Assalam o alaikum, Who is Khair Un Nissa in Quran? Which 6 respected ladies have been mentioned in Quran? Explain about them according to their status in eyes of Allah with reference of Quran


Answer 542: Lady Mary (sa) is the only woman has clearly mentioned in the Holy Quran by name. “And when the angels said: O Mary! Surely Allah has chosen you and purified you and chosen you above the women of the world”. But, in other verses of the holy Quran Allah (SWT) narrated some behaviors and conditions of a few women that show scope of the human beings actions. As a result, Quran has more emphasized on the actions rather the name of individuals.

The Story of some Unique Women mentioned in the Holy Quran:

A: Lady Fatima Zahra (sa): There are verses of the holy Quran have been sent down about Lady Fatima Zahra (sa), some have only been sent down about her and others about Ahlul Bayt (pbuth) that Lady Fatima (sa) is one of them. These verses are as follows:

  1. All verses of Surah al-Kauthar have been sent down about Lady Fatima (sa), according to interpreters of the Holy Quran. They said: the word Kauthar means Lady Fatima Zahra (sa).[1]
  2. The Verse of Tathir (The verse of purification): “Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House!”[2]
  3. The Verse of Mawadda: “That is of which Allah gives the good news to His servants, (to) those who believe and do good deeds Say: I do not ask of you any reward for it but love for my near relatives”[3]
  4. The verse of Mubahilah: “But whoever disputes with you in this matter after what has come to you of knowledge, then say: Come let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and our near people and your near people, then let us be earnest in prayer, and pray for the curse of Allah on the liars”[4]
  5. Verses related to sending down the holy Quran on the Night of Power: Verse 3 of Surah Dukhan and Surah al-Qadr have been sent down about Ahlul Bayt (pbuth). [5]
  6. There are other verses of the holy Quran have been sent down about Ahlul Bayt (pbuth) especially Lady Fatima (sa) that you can refer to these Books: Sharh e Ehqaq al-Haq, al-Ghadir, Aqabat al-Anwar, Ghayat al-Maram.

B: The Mother and Sister of Prophet Musa (as) and The Wife of Pharaoh: In surah al-Qasas and Taha Allah, the Most High points the story of Mother and Sister of the Prophet Musa (His mother’s name: Historians have different opinions about her name. Some of her names are: Youkhabed, Youkabed, Nakhib, Afahiyeh, Youkhbid, Youkhabil[6]), His sister and Asiya, the Wife of Pharaoh.

Surah Qasas: “And We inspired the mother of Moses, saying: Suckle him and, when thou fear for him, then cast him into the river and fear not nor grieve. Lo! We shall bring him back unto thee and shall make him (one) of Our messengers. And the family of Pharaoh took him up, that he might become for them an enemy and a sorrow, Lo! Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts were ever sinning. And the wife of Pharaoh said: (He will be) a consolation for me and for thee. Kill him not. Peradventure he may be of use to us, or we may choose him for a son. And they perceived not. And the heart of the mother of Moses became void, and she would have betrayed him if We had not fortified her heart, that she might be of the believers. And she said unto his sister: Trace him. So she observed him from afar, and they perceived not. And We had before forbidden foster-mothers for him, so she said: Shall I show you a household who will rear him for you and take care of him? So, We restored him to his mother that she might be comforted and not grieve, and that she might know that the promise of Allah is true. But most of them know not. [7]

Surah Taha: “When We revealed to your mother what was revealed. ” Saying: Put him into a chest, then cast it down into the river, then the river shall throw him on the shore; there shall take him up one who is an enemy to Me and enemy to him” And I cast down upon you love from Me, and that you might be brought up before My eyes. When your sister went and said: Shall I direct you to one who will take charge of him? So We brought you back to your mother, that her eye might be cooled and she should not grieve And you killed a man

And I have chosen you for Myself”[8]

In Surah Tahrim there is a verse in which Allah (SWT), for the believers, talks about Asiya, the Wife of the Pharaoh. “And Allah sets forth an example to those who believe: the wife of Firon when she said: My Lord! build for me a house with Thee in the garden and deliver me from Pharaoh and his doing, and deliver me from the unjust people”.[9]

C: Two Daughters of Jethro’s (The Father in Law of the Prophet Moses): In the holy Quran Allah, the Almighty also talk about two daughters of Shoaib (Jethro) as follows.

“And he went into the city at a time of unvigilance on the part of its people, so he found therein two men fighting, one being of his party and the other of his foes And he who was of his party cried out to him for help against him who was of his enemies, so Musa struck him with his fist and killed him He said: This is on account of the Shaitan’s doing Surely he is an enemy, openly leading astray. He said: My Lord! Surely I have done harm to myself, so do Thou protect me. So He protected him. He said: My Lord! Because, Thou hast bestowed a favor on me, I shall never be a backer of the guilty. And he was in the city, fearing, awaiting, when lo! he who had asked his assistance the day before was crying out to him for aid Musa said to him: You are most surely one erring manifestly. So, when he desired to seize him who was an enemy to them both, he said: O Musa! do you intend to kill me as you killed a person yesterday? You desire nothing but that you should be a tyrant in the land, and you do not desire to be of those who act aright. “And a man came running from the remotest part of the city. He said: O Musa! surely the chiefs are consulting together to slay you, therefore depart (at once); surely I am of those who wish well to you”. So he went forth therefrom, fearing, awaiting (And) he said: My Lord! deliver me from the unjust people. And when he turned his face towards Madyan, he said: Maybe my Lord will guide me in the right path. And when he came to the water of Madyan, he found on it a group of men watering) their flocks (, and he found besides them two women keeping back (their flocks). So, he watered (their sheep) for them, then went back to the shade and said: My Lord! surely I stand in need of whatever good Thou mayest send down to me. Then one of the two women came to him walking bashfully. She said: My father invites you that he may give you the reward of your having watered for us So when he came to him and gave to him the account, he said: Fear not You are secure from the unjust people. Said one of them: O my father! employ him Surely the best of those that you can employ is the strong man, the faithful one. He said: I desire to marry one of these two daughters of mine to you on condition that you should serve me for eight years But if you complete ten, it will be of your own free will And I do not wish to be hard to you If Allah please, you will find me one of the good. He said: This shall be (an agreement) between me and you Whichever of the two terms I fulfill, there shall be no wrong doing to me And Allah is a witness of what we say. So, when Musa had fulfilled the term, and he journeyed with his family, he perceived on this side of the mountain a fire. He said to his family: Wait, I have seen a fire, maybe I will bring to you from it some news or a brand of fire, so that you may warm yourselves”.[10]

Note: In the Holy Quran Allah, the Almighty sets forth an example to those who disbelieve: the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot, as follows: “They were both under two of Our righteous servants, but they acted treacherously towards them so they availed them naught against Allah, and it was said: Enter both the Fire with those who enter”[11]

Other names of women in the holy Quran: There are other names of women in the holy Quran that some of them are portrayed in a positive light, while others are condemned for their actions. Briefly, these women are as follows:

Eve (Hawwa)[12], Wives of Prophets Noah and Lot (as)[13], Daughters of Lot[14], Sarah, the Wife of Prophet Abraham (as)[15], Aziz’s wife (Zulaykha) and the ladies at that time of the Prophet Yousef (as)[16], Mother and Sister of Prophet Moses (as)[17], Wife of Prophet Moses (as), the Daughter of Shoiab (Jethro), (i.e. Safura)[18], Asiyah, the Wife of the Pharaoh[19], the Queen of Sheba (Bilqis)[20], Wife of Imran[21], Lady Mary (sa)[22], Wives of the Holy Prophet (pbuh)[23], Daughters of the Prophet[24], Khawla bint Tha’labah[25] and Wife of Abu Lahab[26].


Who are the best Woman according to the holy Quran and Traditions?

Lady Mary (sa): The Holy Quran has stated two choiceness for Lady Mary (sa). Absolut choiceness and being chosen above the women of the world.[27] In this verse of the holy Quran, her purification has also been emphasized. Also, Lady Mary is a sign of Allah. “And We made the son of Marium and his mother a sign, and We gave them a shelter on a lofty ground having meadows and springs (Baitul Moqaddas)”[28]

The reason why she has been considered as the sign of Allah is that she become pregnant without husband and having any relation with a man.[29]

Another reason is that she was of the obedient ones.[30] She was also Mother of Prophet Jesus (as). “and his mother was a truthful woman”[31]

Along with Asiyah, she was example to those who believe. “And Marium, the daughter of Imran, who guarded her chastity, so We breathed into her of Our inspiration and she accepted the truth of the Words of her Lord and His books, and she was of the obedient ones”[32]

What is the meaning of the word ‘Nisaa al-Alameen’ (Women of the World)? Does it mean that she has chosen above the women of the world such as women of her time or all women from the time of Adam to the present? The holy Prophet (pbuh) said to Imam Ali (as): O Ali there are four women chosen as the best above the women of the world: 1. Asiyah (the Wife of Pharaoh) bint Muzahim. 2. Mary, the daughter of Emran. 3. Khadijah bint Khuwailad. 4. Fatimah, My Daughter. But, Lady Fatimah is superior to the others. [33]

Conclusion: although, the Holy Quran does not directly name any woman except for Lady Mary (sa) who is the only woman mentioned in the Qur’an by name and chosen above the women of the world, but others’ names come from traditions and tafasir of the holy Quran. Some of the women are portrayed in a positive light, while others are condemned for their actions. There are four women, among those who are portrayed in a positive light, that have chosen above all women of the world. Three of them were above the women of their own time, while Lady Fatimah (sa) has chosen above all the women of the world for all times, according to the Holy Prophet (pbuh).

[1] . Surah al-Kauthar; Tafsir Al-Mizan, Vol. 20, Pgs. 638-643.

[2] . Surah al-Ahzab, verse 33.

[3] . Surah Shura, verse 23.

[4] . Surah Ale Emran, verse 61.

[5] . Sheikh Kuleini, Usul al-Kafi, Vol. 2, Kitab al-Hujjah, Chapter The Features of Surah al-Qadr.

[6] . Bihar al-Anwar, Vol. 13, Pg. 5, Tafsir Tabari, Vol. 1, Pg. 271; Albidayah wa al-Nihayah, Vol. 1, Pg. 276.

[7] . Surah al-Qisas, verses 7-13.

[8] . Surah Taha, verses 38-40.

[9] . Surah Tahrim, verse 11.

[10] . Surah Qisas, verse 15-29.

[11] . Surah Tahrim, verse 10.

[12] . Surah Taha, verse 117.

[13] . Surah Tahrim, verse 10.

[14] . Surah Hud, verse 79; Surah Hijr, verse 71.

[15] . Surah hud, verse 71-72.

[16] . Surah Yousef, verses 23, 51.

[17] . Surah Qasas, verse 7, 10, 12,13.

[18] . Surah Qasas, verse 26-27.

[19] . Surah Qasas, verse 9; Surah Tahrim, verse 11.

[20] . Surah Naml, verses 22-44.

[21] . Surah Ale Emran, verses 35-36.

[22] . Surah Maryam; Tahrim, verse 12; Surah Ale Emran, verses 39-42-45-47; Surah Anbiya, verse 91;

[23] . Surah Ahzab, verse 6.

[24] . Surah al-Ahzab, verse 59.

[25] . Surah Mujadilah, verse 1.

[26] . Surah al-Masadd, verses 4-5.

[27] . Surah Ale Emran, verse 42.

[28] . Surah Momenoon, verse 50.

[29] . Tafsir al-Mizan, Vol. 15, Pg. 46.

[30] . Surah Tahrim, verse 12.

[31] . Surah al-Maedah, verse 75.

[32] . Surah Tahrim, verse 12.

[33] . Bihar al-Anwar, Vol. 43, Pgs. 36-37, Wafa Publication, Beirut; Amali, Sheikh Sadouq, Pgs. 175, 554, 575, first edition, Be’that Institution, 1417 A.H.